What Are Living Walls?
Living walls, also known as green walls or vertical gardens, are walls that are covered in vegetation, typically in a pattern of vertical panels. They can be constructed on the exterior or interior of a building and can be made up of a variety of plants, such as ferns, mosses, and small shrubs.
Green walls have many benefits, including reducing air pollution, increasing biodiversity, and improving thermal insulation. They also can improve the aesthetics of a building and provide a source of fresh air. Some green walls are designed to be low maintenance, while others may require regular watering and pruning.
How Can Living Walls Improve Indoor Air Quality?
Living walls improve indoor air quality by absorbing pollutants and releasing oxygen through the process of photosynthesis. The plants on a living wall act as natural filters, removing harmful pollutants such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and particulate matter from the air. The leaves and roots of the plants absorb these pollutants, which are then broken down by microorganisms in the soil.
Living walls can also improve air quality by increasing humidity levels, which can help to reduce the spread of airborne viruses and other harmful microorganisms. The plants on a green wall release water vapor through a process called transpiration, which can help to increase humidity levels and make the air feel more comfortable and healthy to breathe.
Do Green Walls Improve Insulation?
In addition to these benefits, green walls can also help to reduce the amount of energy needed for heating and cooling a building. The plants on a green wall can provide insulation, helping to keep the building cool in the summer and warm in the winter, leading to energy savings and lower heating and cooling costs.
Green walls are a great way to improve indoor air quality, reduce energy costs and increase the aesthetic appeal of a building.